Read the Bible in a year by reading First Chronicles 7--9 today The Lord Was With Him By Don Ruhl As Ezra recorded the genealogy of Israel, he suddenly said this about Phinehas, a grandson of Aaron, And Phinehas the son of Eleazar had been the officer over them in time past; the LORD was with him. (1Ch. 9:20 NKJV) Why did Ezra insert into the text that the Lord was with Phinehas? To answer that question it is helpful to know why First and Second Chronicles were written, although the Books of First and Second Kings were already in existence. First and Second Kings were written either before or during the Babylonian captivity. God sent Judah to captivity because of their unfaithfulness. They were there for 70 years. Finally, He was ready to bring them back into the Land of Canaan. However, He had Ezra write the Books of First and Second Chronicles, which cover much of the same material as the Books of the Kings, to remind Israel and Judah of why God had sent them into captivity. Therefore, while the Chronicles covers similar material to the Kings, yet, the Chronicles go through that material quicker with an emphasis upon Israel's idolatry. Idolatry was a continual problem in Israel. Even before they entered the Land of Canaan, while still wandering in the wilderness, they committed idolatry. On one occasion, the people of Moab persuaded many of the Israelites to commit idolatry. In fact, one Israelite even brought an idolater right into the assembly of Israel as they were mourning the loss of many Israelites who were killed because of their idolatry! Then this is what happened, Now when Phinehas the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose from among the congregation and took a javelin in his hand; and he went after the man of Israel into the tent and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her body. So the plague was stopped among the children of Israel. (Nu. 25:7, 8 NKJV) This man's zeal for the Lord is celebrated in Psalm 106. Phinehas did what Israelites in every generation should have done, which would have prevented the horrible destruction of the Babylonians against Jerusalem and it would have prevented the captivity. Phinehas had such zeal because he was with the Lord and the Lord was with him. That was why Ezra made that special mention, showing the Jews what should have been done throughout their history. Are you filled with the zeal of the Lord? If so, how is it manifesting itself? Question from the text: What did David and Samuel do together?